|Over the years
Cavaliers have been bred to have certain physical and
emotional characteristics. Know what these are -
this will help you to choose a HEALTHY, QUALITY puppy!
Always have the breed standard in mind when looking at
the puppies and their parents. How close do they
resemble the standard?
Do you work a fulltime job
away from home? Will the Cavalier be left alone
for 8 hours or more a day? If you answered yes
to these two questions, please consider a different
breed, a cat or waiting until the time is right for a
dog. A Cavalier wants and needs to be with you!
They will not be happy if they are not with you for long
extended periods of time.
NO!!!!! There are no TEACUP
Cavaliers! Read the standard regarding size.
If you are looking at "teacup" puppies, this is a
poorly bred litter and should be the exception to the rule.
There are only FOUR acceptable colors. 1.
Blenheim (chestnut and white) 2. Tri-color (Black and
white with Chestnut points), 3. Ruby (Solid Red) and
4. Black and Tan. Again if you have a variation on
these colors, its is a breeding error and the exception
to the rule. Mistakes happen, but please recognize them
as mistakes and don't be sold a "rare" color or size,
being led to believe this is a desirable quality.
Make sure the breeder is being honest with you.
There are no Cavachons or Cockaliers or
any other combination of breed crossed with a Cavalier.
These are mixed breeds, unregisterable with the AKC or
any other "reputable" Kennel Club organization. If
you have your heart set on a mixed breed, go the the
Shelter and save a life. Don't line the pockets of a person
trying to create a Flavor-dog-of-the-moment. This
does nothing to promote the health and well-being of our
Questions to ask a Breeder
A Dog for
The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is an active, graceful,
well-balanced toy spaniel, very gay and free in action; fearless and
sporting in character, yet at the same time gentle and affectionate.
It is this typical gay temperament, combined with true elegance and
royal appearance which are of paramount importance in the breed.
Natural appearance with no trimming, sculpting or artificial
alteration is essential to breed type.
Size, Proportion, Substance
Size - Height 12 to 13 inches at the withers; weight
proportionate to height, between 13 and 18 pounds. A small, well
balanced dog within these weights is desirable, but these are ideal
heights and weights and slight variations are permissible.
Proportion - The body approaches squareness, yet if measured
from point of shoulder to point of buttock, is slightly longer than
the height at the withers. The height from the withers to the elbow
is approximately equal to the height from the elbow to the ground.
Substance - Bone moderate in proportion to size. Weedy and
coarse specimens are to be equally penalized.
Proportionate to size of dog, appearing neither too large nor too
small for the body. Expression - The sweet, gentle, melting
expression is an important breed characteristic. Eyes -
Large, round, but not prominent and set well apart; color a warm,
very dark brown; giving a lustrous, limpid look. Rims dark. There
should be cushioning under the eyes which contributes to the soft
expression. Faults - small, almond-shaped, prominent, or
light eyes; white surrounding ring. Ears - Set high, but
not close, on top of the head. Leather long with plenty of
feathering and wide enough so that when the dog is alert, the ears
fan slightly forward to frame the face. Skull - Slightly
rounded, but without dome or peak; it should appear flat because of
the high placement of the ears. Stop is moderate, neither filled nor
deep. Muzzle - Full muzzle slightly tapered. Length from
base of stop to tip of nose about 1½ inches. Face well filled below
eyes. Any tendency towards snipeiness undesirable. Nose pigment
uniformly black without flesh marks and nostrils well developed.
Lips well developed but not pendulous giving a clean finish.
Faults - Sharp or pointed muzzles. Bite - A
perfect, regular and complete scissors bite is preferred, i.e. the
upper teeth closely overlapping the lower teeth and set square into
the jaws. Faults - undershot bite, weak or crooked teeth, crooked
Neck, Topline, Body
Neck - Fairly long, without throatiness, well enough
muscled to form a slight arch at the crest. Set smoothly into nicely
sloping shoulders to give an elegant look. Topline - Level
both when moving and standing. Body - Short-coupled with
ribs well spring but not barrelled. Chest moderately deep, extending
to elbows allowing ample heart room. Slightly less body at the flank
than at the last rib, but with no tucked-up appearance. Tail
- Well set on, carried happily but never much above the level of the
back, and in constant characteristic motion when the dog is in
action. Docking is optional. If docked, no more than one third to be
Shoulders well laid back. Forelegs straight
and well under the dog with elbows close to the sides. Pasterns
strong and feet compact with well-cushioned pads. Dewclaws may be
The hindquarters construction should come down from a good broad
pelvis, moderately muscled; stifles well turned and hocks well let
down. The hindlegs when viewed from the rear should parallel each
other from hock to heel. Faults - Cow or sickle hocks.
Of moderate length, silky, free from curl. Slight wave permissible.
Feathering on ears, chest, legs and tail should be long, and the
feathering on the feet is a feature of the breed. No trimming of the
dog is permitted. Specimens where the coat has been altered by
trimming, clipping, or by artificial means shall be so severly
penalized as to be effectively eliminated from competition.
Hair growing between the pads on the underside of the feet may be
Blenheim - Rich chestnut markings well broken up on a
clear, pearly white ground. The ears must be chestnut and the color
evenly spaced on the head and surrounding both eyes, with a white
blaze between the eyes and ears, in the center of which may be the
lozenge or "Blenheim spot." The lozenge is a unique and desirable,
though not essential, characteristic of the Blenheim. Tricolor
- Jet black markings well broken up on a clear, pearly white ground.
The ears must be black and the color evenly spaced on the head and
surrounding both eyes, with a white blaze between the eyes. Rich tan
markings over the eyes, on cheeks, inside ears and on underside of
tail. Ruby - Whole-colored rich red. Black and Tan
- Jet black with rich, bright tan markings over eyes, on cheeks,
inside ears, on chest, legs, and on underside of tail. Faults
- Heavy ticking on Blenheims or Tricolors, white marks on Rubies or
Black and Tans.
Free moving and elegant in action, with good reach in front and
sound, driving rear action. When viewed from the side, the movement
exhibits a good length of stride, and viewed from front and rear it
is straight and true, resulting from straight-boned fronts and
properly made and muscled hindquarters.
Gay, friendly, non-aggressive with no tendency towards
nervousness or shyness. Bad temper, shyness, and meanness are
not to be tolerated and are to be severely penalized as to
effectively remove the specimen from competition.
Approved Date: January 10, 1995
Effective Date: April 30, 1995