|This is a
PUPPY MILL Website. The information and
pictures are almost too good to believe. The
Breeding stock in a puppy mill are bred over and over
and over again. They are basically, "Bred to
Death". When you buy a puppy from a pet store or
puppy mill YOU make it possible for them to continue.
If the price looks like it's so much "cheaper" to buy
from here, in the long run, your Vet Bills will far
outweigh the initial cost of the puppy. Remember,
"You get what you pay for."
Marilyn Mayfield -
Gwen Crawford and Sue Miller Cottford Court
Cavaliers, Ontario, CA
Harrison - West Hills, CA Sandi Cavaliers
Johnson - Temecula, CA Kendrey Cavaliers
Johnson-Snyder - Marengo, OH
Harrison - San Antonio, TX
Venier - Leesport, PA
Hall - Crayford, Kent, UK
Diana Koster - Balsal Common, Coventry, UK -
Shelley Hodgekinson Cavaliers of Carver
Here is some info that
might be helpful for those looking for a Cavalier.
start with the premise that the Cavalier King Charles
Spaniel is a very popular breed. This means that you may not
be able to find one available on a moments notice. Many
people are surprised when they are told that they will have
to be on a "waiting list" for a Cavalier but it is a
There are several types of breeders and/or people who are
selling Cavaliers in today’s market. It is very important
that you know the difference.
are the people who are breeding to the AKC published breed
standard. These people live by a code of ethics and a love
of the breed.
They breed for the superior qualities they are trying to
perpetuate in the Cavalier and these qualities, as well as
the health of the dogs they are breeding, are of paramount
importance to them. They do not always have a litter
available but when they do they try to get the very best
homes possible for the puppies they are not going to keep.
When you contact one of these breeders you may be asked many
questions and in some cases, you may be asked to fill out an
THE "WAITING LIST:"
In working with a reputable breeder, you may be asked if you
would like to be on their waiting list. This is a list that
some breeders will keep of people who they feel may be
particularly qualified to have one of their puppies. Many
new Cavalier owners have waited up to a year to get a dog
from the breeder of their choice. It is rare that a puppy is
You may expect this
breeder to have done all the health testing on the sires and
dams before they were ever bred. They will be happy to tell
you about the general health of their dogs as well as answer
This type of breeder
will also be willing to refer you to other breeders they may
know in their network who also breed to high standards.
You may contact several
breeders before you find one that you are comfortable with
and want to work with. When you do find this special person,
work with them exclusively toward getting the puppy or dog
of your dreams. Do not use the "shotgun" approach to puppy
buying. This has not proven to be an effective method of
acquiring a pet.
purchase from ads you may see in the newspaper as many
brokers and less than reputable breeders advertise this way.
breeder will almost never advertise in a newspaper because
they have all the calls they can handle from word-of-mouth
and the Parent Club breeder referral list.
This type of breeder is usually the person who has one or
two dogs who breeds an occasional litter but does not have
any affiliation with other breeders nor are they bound by
any codes of ethics. They may or may not do health testing
and may not be familiar with proper care and conditions for
raising a healthy litter of puppies. This type of breeder
most often advertises their puppies for sale in the local
are not breeders but instead, they import dogs from foreign
puppy farms. These poor puppies are born and raised in poor
conditions and many have multiple health and personality
problems. They usually advertise in the newspaper and their
ads usually begin with something like, "Imported from
Ireland," or "Belgian Imports." The dogs are usually selling
at prices far below those of the ethical breeder, the
parents have not had the proper health checks before
breeding, and there is no way they can give any guarantees.
This is a sad situation.
(sometimes known as puppy mills) are just what the name
implies. They have a commercial breeding operation, operated
for profit and most frequently sell the puppies born at
their breeding establishments to pet stores although some do
sell "out the door" at their kennels. Commercial breeders
have large kennels with hundreds of dogs although there are
probably some that operate on a smaller scale.
It is up
to you to decide which type of breeder you want your puppy
to come from. Once you decide, you will have to be patient.
It is rare (although it does happen) that a reputable
breeder will have a puppy available immediately.
A Few Points to Remember:
1. In the US, the dog should be registered with the AKC
and/or the CKCSC (original, parent club of the breed in the
US). They might also be UKC reg. for the owner to
participate in obedience or agility,
but beware of ones ONLY UKC registered or the
illegitimate registries like the Rare Breed, Continental
Kennel Club, FIC, North American Purebred Dog Registry, Krystle Kennel Club, Dog Registry of America, APR, or others
cropping up every day. Usually these people have lost CKCSC
and/or AKC privileges. (In Canada, the dog would be
registered with the Canadian Kennel Club. In England with
The Kennel Club.
2. Do not deal
with someone USDA registered. These are commercial
breeding farms, commonly referred to as puppy mills. Do not
buy from a pet store. They are almost always supplied by
puppy mills, no matter what they say. It
is against the Code of Ethics of the Cavalier Club to sell
to a broker or pet store, or to supply a dog for an auction
or raffle. Do not buy off the internet, out of the newspaper
or from an advertisement. There are no bargains in
the Cavalier world, where the phrase "You get what you pay
for" has never been more applicable.
3. Buy the breeder first and then the dog. You want someone
experienced and knowledgeable who you will be comfortable
with for the lifetime of the dog. They should be there to
answer questions, help with training, etc. They will want
to know of any problems you are having and will require you
to notify them if you are unable at any time for any reason
to keep the dog.
4. Ask as many questions of the breeder as a reputable one
will be asking you--where the puppies were raised, what the
breeder did to socialize them, what clubs the breeder
belongs to, why this particular breeding was done, what good
points these dogs have, what their bad points are. If the
parents are not being shown (and winning!) ask who evaluated
them as breeding quality--besides the breeder!! Be
comfortable with the answers you get.
Ask many questions BEFORE deciding whether to even go meet a
breeder/see puppies so you don't make an impulse purchase
(which is what keeps dogs in pet stores.)
5. Be sure and see certificates of health testing on
parents. The appropriate ones for Cavaliers are:
HEART--The latest research presented at the
International Heart Symposium in May 98 says sire and dam
should be at least 2.5 years of age and heart cleared by a
CARDIOLOGIST within the previous year (not just regular
vet). THEIR parents should still be heart clear at age 5.
Mitral valve disease is a major concern in the breed.
EYES--Sire and dam should have a current (within the
last year) CERF (Canine Eye Registration Foundation) test by
an OPHTHALMOLOGIST (this also cannot be a regular vet).
PATELLAE--Luxxating, or slipping, patellae, or
kneecaps, are a common problem in toy breeds, including
Cavaliers. A (regular) vet needs to check sire and dam
before breeding. Certification can also come from the OFA
(Orthopedic Foundation of America).
HIPS--hip dysplasia DOES happen in small dogs.
Approx. 11% of Cavalier x-rays submitted to the OFA show
hip dysplasia and since the really bad ones are never sent
in, they estimate as much as 1/3 possibly have HD.
An x-ray is taken by a regular vet and sent to the
Orthopedic Foundation for Animals for a grading of
excellent, good, fair, borderline, or degrees of dysplasia.
A regular vet does NOT read the x-ray--it must go to the
OFA. The OFA website has some excellent info and you can
check the status on any dog who has passed (assuming the
owner has sent in the results).
6. Make certain the Mother is present with her puppies and
if possible, ask to meet the Father too. Be sure the mother
has a good temperament. She will influence the puppies more
than the father.
7. The Cavalier comes in four accepted colors--ruby (solid
red), blenheim (red and white), black and tan, and tri color
(black and white with tan markings). They are 12-13 inches
at the shoulder and 12-18 lbs. They are indoor, in your face
dogs, and YES, they lick and they DO SHED.
8. Red flags-- "I have any color, male or female available
right now," "The whole litter is show quality," "The
testing is not reliable," "If you don't trust my word, I
don't want to deal with you," "My line has no problems."
9. Good reading--Cavalier books by Barbara Garnett Smith,
John Evans, Bruce Fields, Sheila Smith, and an excellent one
by D. Caroline Coile (the last a small paperback). Other
good ones, not specifically Cavalier are "How to Raise a
Puppy You Can Live With" by Rutherford and Neil, "Good
Owners, Great Dogs" by Brian Kilcommons, "Super Puppy" by
Peter Vollmer and "Social Graces" by Margery West.
Additional Cavalier Information, Click